The Bizovac Culture and Art Society
Kralja Tomislava 89
31 222 Bizovac

Folklorne probe "A" grupe KUD-a "Bizovac" održavaju se utorkom i četvrtkom od 20,30 sati. Pozivamo zainteresirane plesačice i plesače, a i tamburaše da nam se pridruže. S radošću očekujemo svakog novog člana!

Women's national costume

BizovacThe formal women’s costume of the Bizovac area is of such a characteristic form that it can be recognized at first glance.
For its individual qualities it can be considered a special type among Croatian costumes, distinguishable from all others by several particular characteristics. This particularly refers to the cotton skirts, which are visibly shorter than in the costumes of other areas of Croatia and go only just below the knee, covering the lower part of the body in several layers, for which reason the dress is very wide. The pierced embrodery called Šlingoće, although known in the length and breadth of Pannonian Croatia, is particularly characteristic of the Bizovac type of costume and copiously ornaments the skirts and aprons for grand occasions. The next individual feature of women’s clothing is the stiffened and richly pleated ruff called reklja, which recalls the style of French fashion of the end of the 18th century, and the girl’s wreath of lilies of the valley in the shape of a diadem. The distinctive form of the clothing is complemented by colourful wooden stockings called bobane and gold-embroidered slippers.
There are differences in these clothes for special occasions in respect of the wearers’ age and marital status. Little girls have pilange or flounces, with skirts of material that is quite light, like Bizovaca veil. Headgear also marks differences in age and marital status.

The main decoration of a girl’s head is a floral wreath, of artificial lilies of the valley and rose buds, while snaša, or married woman, is wrapped in a šamija.
The ornaments on the costume are the reklja, ducats, silk or gold threaded kerchiefs, zrnje-druljaš, šticle (bracelets).
This female costume was worn all the way up to World War II on an everyday basis (informants say that 1943 was the time when it began suddenly to be abandoned); it is thought that war made it impossible to obtain the materials needed for the making of the clothing.